AUTHOR
Adservio team
DATE
August 11, 2021
CATEGORY
Digital Delivery
Introduction to Svelte vs. Angular vs. React vs. Vue

Digital Delivery

10 min

Introduction to Svelte vs. Angular vs. React vs. Vue

Javascript remains the most popular programming language on the web due to its accessibility (no high-end tools required for managing codes) and convenience. When it comes down to Javascript, choosing the proper framework can significantly improve the developmental process.

However, there are many insights and criteria that need to be taken in considerations when searching for the most suitable frontend framework.

The most popular JS frameworks include Svelte, Angular, React, and Vue.js, with one uniting factor — they are all open source, providing users with unlimited creativity.

When it comes to measuring the; satisfaction, interest, usage, and awareness ratio rankings of front-end technologies according to the State of JS here are the findings;

usage of Svelte, React, Vue.js, Angular
Stats for 2020 from State of JS.

However, users need to consider their varied features and community support to decide the best fit for their projects.

Another important factor involves user-friendliness, where some frameworks are more suitable for beginners while others empower seasoned users with greater control and flexibility.

React

Created by Facebook software engineer Jordan Walke in March 2013, the framework is easy to learn and features a large community of active users.

Developers may conveniently implement React in their projects through its components-based format that enables reusable codes.

Essentially, users may work on individual parts and enact changes without modifying application logic.

React features a popular and mature library where users can expedite coding processes with small bundles. Additionally, React provides users with JSX, an optional syntax extension, which they can use to create customized components.

React features a downward data flow, where changes made to a child structure do not affect the parent structure — granting developers more granular control.

The most prominent websites built on React include Netflix, Facebook, and the New York Times.

Pros

  • Features a virtual DOM: Taster and more efficient DOM management, without rewriting the elements in entire pages.
  • SEO friendliness that keeps up with the latest web development trends
  • One-way data flow: A single downward motion avoids complexities and errors in changes made between parent and child elements.

Cons

  • Documentation Issues: React updates occur rapidly, making it difficult for users to keep up with the documentation.
  • JFX knowledge required: Developers (especially beginners) may find JFX knowledge a tedious setback in utilizing React.

Angular

Google developed Angular in September 2016, providing developers with a wide range of specialized tools and features to create web desktop and mobile applications. Users may apply programming language with intuitive documentation processes.

However, Angular may prove challenging for beginning developers, posing a steep learning curve compared to JS alternatives.

On the plus side, Angular’s complexity provides many benefits when mastered, including testable modules and components and intuitive DI (dependency injection) features, and Angular services (i.e., cleaner and streamlined coding) that reduce performance issues.

Popular websites built with the Angular framework include the official sites of Xbox, Crunchbase, and Forbes.

Pros

  • Strong community: Users can easily access tools, training materials, and solutions to resolve technical issues and enhance framework experience.
  • Offers directives: Developers may assign special behavior to DOMs to create optimized content with HTML.
  • DI capabilities: Decouples components from dependencies to facilitate readability and code reuse.

Cons

  • Steep learning curve
  • Occasional performance issues: Developers may encounter lag and disruptions with complex single-page applications.

Svelte

Rich Harris developed Svelte in November 2016. Svelte functions as a built-in compiler that converts declarative application codes into client-side JS in build-time.

Professionals would consider Svelte a compiler rather than a front-end framework, and it features a small community compared to the alternatives on this list.

There are few real-world projects developed with Svelte, mainly on a small scale. However, Svelte may offer new features in the near future to keep up with real-world demands.

The most popular websites made with Svelte include TrackTheParcel, Workingoo, and Colligo.

Pros

  • Fast server-side rendering: The Sapper implementation significantly reduces load time.
  • Easy to learn
  • Reactivity made easy: Developers may make changes on the language level, skipping the tedious process of DOM diffing (e.g., comparing UIs).

Cons

  • Limited community support and resources
  • Lack of a big company support (like Google or Facebook)

Vue.js

Created by an independent software developer (and former Google technologist) Evan You in February 2014, Vue is a growing and versatile framework that features a mature library.

Vue.js referred also as Vue works optimally for building user interfaces quickly with its lightweight and highly versatile structure.

Additionally, the framework is user-friendly, built to solve some of the common issues faced by earlier frameworks (e.g., Angular). For example, users may effectively apply Vue without prior knowledge of other programming languages, such as TypeScript.

Vue.js shares some powerful features with earlier Angular (e.g., virtual DOMs) and is incrementally adoptable (enabling developers to add codes based on project needs).

However, developers should note that Vue.js lacks community resources compared to more established frameworks like React.

Top websites developed with Vue.js include Behance, GitLab, and Nintendo.

Pros

  • Easy to learn: No requirement for in-depth knowledge of other digital systems such as Typescript or JSX.
  • Concise documentation: Structured and systematic approach that accounts for every process and compares similarities between Vue.js and other JS frameworks.
  • Effective components management: Users may write components in multiple languages without complicated file divisions.

Cons

  • Lack of community support for complex, large-scale projects compared to more established frameworks
  • Limited resources: Fewer features and plug-ins than alternatives like React.
Closing Thoughts

Front-end frameworks like Svelte and Vue are suitable for beginner developers seeking quick and effective app-building solutions.

However, they lack the community support/resources and real-world examples found in more established frameworks such as Angular and React.

According to Stack Overflow’s 2021 Developer survey, Svelte is the most loved framework (based on experiences such as user-friendliness and versatility), while one in four developers trust React.

Adservio offers specialized services and solutions to help you make the right choice according to your project needs.

Our experts will work closely with you to create the most resilient digital experience for your projects.

Reach out to our dedicated team to eliminate the guesswork from your JS processes and gain the flexibility and agility you always wanted.

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